Viognier is a white grape variety which is planted mostly along the Rhône in France. The wine made from it has a beautiful colour and a relatively high alcohol content. Its fragrance is characterized by apricots, peaches and flowers (especially violets or lilies of the valley). On steep slopes in the Condrieu region, a very expensive white wine (often 20 – 30 Euro per bottle) is vinified of Viognier, which should be drunk young. Generally its an excellent accompaniment for fish dishes.
Viognier yields are low and after the phylloxera epidemic in the late 19th century many of the steep slopes, which were difficult to cultivate, were abandoned. Due to this the grape variety was almost extinct: only 14 ha Viognier vineyards were left in France in 1968. In the mid-1980s Rhône wines experienced a renaissance and so did Viognier. At Condrieu, the hometown of Viognier, the vine population has developed positively again.
In 2004, it was discovered that the grape is closely related to the Italian variety Freisa. The researchers Anna Schneider (CNR Institute in Turin) and José Vouillamoz (University of California, Davis and Istituto Agrario di San Michele all’Adige) carried out analysis about 1500 grape varieties. 30 out of 32 indicators are identical within Freisa and Viognier.
The same survey indicates the Italian Nebbiolo to be derived from Freisa as well.
Synonyms: Galopine, Petit Vionnier, Viogné, Vionnier
Anfang 2004 wurde bekannt, daß die Sorte Viognier mit der italienischen Sorte Freisa verwandt ist. Die Forscher Anna Schneider vom Institut CNR in Turin und José Vouillamoz (University of California, Davis sowie Istituto Agrario di San Michele all’Adige) führten mikrobiologische DNA Analysen an über 1500 Rebsorten durch. 30 von 32 Indikatoren sind bei Freisa und Viognier identisch.
Die gleiche Untersuchung lässt darauf schließen, dass der italienische Nebbiolo seinerseits von der Sorte Freisa abstammt.
Synonyme: Galopine, Petit Vionnier, Viogné, Vionnier