Pinot Noir, also Pinot Nero or in German Spätburgunder or Blauburgunder, is an important and high quality grape variety for red wine. The vine has gained such great significance and popularity, that it entered the world wine elite and is designated as fine vine.
The name „Pinot Noir“ is derived from the French word for „pine“ (fr. „pin“) alluding to the grape variety’s cone–shaped bunches of grapes.
It’s rather a difficult grape variety. It is, in the very sense of the word, thin-skinned and reacts heavily to climate fluctuations (heat/cold). Furthermore its thin skin needs a sensitive treatment, as it bursts quickly and thus looses its juice to early. Only wine-grower possessing perfect south facing slopes with fertile, warm and sufficient chalky soils, should consider the planting of this variety.
The ageing of Pinot Noir wine is quite difficult to foresee, however, top-quality wines are extremely persistent and develop extraordinary complex flavours.
Due to the quality of its taste and its fine fragrance Pinot Noir receives increasing attention again, despite its difficult cultivation. But the most famous wines still come from the Burgundy region, where it was probably already cultivated by the Romans. At the Côte d’Or, in the heart of Burgundy, it is the only red grape variety. The wines, most similar to those from Burgundy, grow in Baden. Today many red wines, rich in colour, tannin, body and content, are produced. They can compete with the most famous red French Burgundies.
Synonym: Pinot Noir, Pinot Negre, Pinot Nero, Blauburgunder, Salvagnin, Salvagnin Noir, Blauer Spätburgunder, Pinot Tinto, Kisburgundi Kék, Rounci, Burgundac Crni
Pinot Noir mutations are Pinot Noir Précoce, Pinot Liébault, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris.
According to the German wine laws, Weissherbst is exclusively Rosé wine which was pressed 100% from a red grape variety. In addition, the grapes have to derive from one vineyard. However, the same process as for white wine is used. During that, the must is separated from the grapes before fermentation, thus leaving only a slight hint of red colour to the wine.
Usually this wine is made from Pinot Noir varieties. The best known Weissherbst are from Baden.